In order to understand how PV can be implemented into buildings, one should understand the mechanism behind this technology. Not only at the level of a solar cell, but also at system level. Further on, the basics behind how sunlight reaches a building brings an understanding of the expected yield of your system and how to optimize this yield.
This module mainly consists of open online courseware. The study material in this module varies from broad understanding to very specific science.


After successfully completing the module on PHOTOVOLTAICS, the student:


  • Knows how photovoltaic conversion physically takes place within solar cells
  • Has insight into different PV technologies used for different BIPV-applications
  • Knows how to analyze the performance of solar cells and modules
  • Makes well informed decisions on what PV technology to use for different applications
  • Is able to design a complete PV system for any application
  • Understands how the position of the sun and solar irradiance has an effect on PV module performance

Project information

The Dem4BIPV project brings together leading universities in Europe to train the BIPV professionals of the future.

Project coordinator

Wilfried van Sark

T +31 (0) 30 253 7611/7600  | 

Utrecht University

Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development

Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Contact us


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Erasmus+ Programme. Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the following information. The views expressed in this publication are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission.

Co Funded by the Erasmus+ Program